Home 3 Li Lithium back to the periodic table

Atomic number   3
Symbol   Li
Atomic weight   6.941
Density [g/cm3]   0.53
Melting point [°C]   180.5
Boiling point [°C]   1326
1st Ionization energy [eV]   5.392
Electronic configuration   [He] 2s
Oxidation number (most stable)   1
Atomic radius [pm]   152
Ionic radius [pm]   74 (1+)
Abundance in crustal rocks [ppm]   18
Origin of the name   (greek) lithos = stone
Discovery   1817 by the Swede J. A. Arfvedson
Uses   metallic lithium as alloying metal for lead, lithium carbonate as a flux for enamels und glazes, lithium stearate as a thickener for fats and oils, further for lithium accumulators.

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© 2004 Büro für angewandte Mineralogie · Dr. Stephan Rudolph · D-47918 Tönisvorst
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