Home 23 V Vanadium back to the periodic table

Atomic number   23
Symbol   V
Atomic weight   50.9415
Density [g/cm3]   6.09
Melting point [°C]   1890
Boiling point [°C]   3380
1st Ionization energy [eV]   6.74
Electronic configuration   [Ar] 3d3 4s2
Oxidation number (most stable)   5, 4, 3, 2, 0
Atomic radius [pm]   132.1
Ionic radius [pm]   54 (5+)
Abundance in crustal rocks [ppm]   136
Origin of the name   named after Vanadis, the godness of beauty in Scandinavian mythology
Discovery   1831 by the Swedish chemists Sefström
Uses   entire vanadium production is almost used for the steel refinement, small quantities for the production of catalysts.

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© 2004 Büro für angewandte Mineralogie · Dr. Stephan Rudolph · D-47918 Tönisvorst
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